In the process of learning the different features of a camera, I’ve learned that just because you take pictures off of your iPhone doesn’t make you a “good photographer.” Knowing how to work a camera, and knowing the features within your camera makes you a “good photographer.” Before I started this class I didn’t know the features behind a camera and what you need to do to get a good balanced picture.
The ISO (International Organization of Standardization), being one of the features on the camera, is a setting you use in the camera that demonstrates how sensitive the camera is to light levels. You change the levels of ISO depending on where you are and how bright or dark the area is that you are in. If you are outside, your standard ISO level will be at 400, and once you set the ISO you will not change it unless the lighting changes.
Then, there is the shutter speed, this feature in your camera will determine the time that the shutter is open to allow light in the camera. If you are looking to have a slower shutter speed (slow, 1/30), then that would help for the night time and allowing light in. If you are looking to have a faster shutter speed (fast, 8000), then it would work best if you are at a basketball game and you are looking to get every angle and exposure with a lot of movement. Lastly, there is the aperture, this will control the quality of your photo, it also controls the amount of light that can travel in the camera.
Believe it or not, all of these controls come together to create a photo. But the question is how do they work all together? When setting your camera settings using mainly these three controls, you want to ensurensure everything is balanced. If it isn’t balanced then, you will be able to tell through the photo. You want to first start by setting your ISO, which will normally be set at 400. From there you want to level and balance out your aperture, this works best if you apply a grey sheet of paper in front of it which will allow it to set itself. Finally, you want to check your shutter speed and make sure it is set at the right number. If your ISO is at 400, and your aperture is at 4, then your shutter speed will probably be at 250 and that’s for if you are trying to take a stopped action photo.